PCNA Expression In Epithelial Linings Of Odontogenic Cysts
Keywords:immunostaining, PCNA, odontogenic cysts
Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) is one of the several markers of cellular proliferation. Epithelial proliferations play a significant role in the behaviour of odontogenic lesions. The objective of this study was to describe and compare the distribution of PCNA expression within the epithelial linings of odontogenic cysts. A total of 49 cases of odontogenic cysts consisting of 18 radicular cysts, 16 dentigerous cysts, 15 odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) was studied. All tissues were processed routinely prior to embedding in paraffin. PCNA immunohistochemical staining was performed on 4 !-tm thick deparaffinized sections mounted on sialinized slides using the peroxidase antiperoxidase method. The distributions of PCNA expression in the cysts linings were noted and comparison was made qualitatively and quantitatively. PCNA labelling index was used for the quantitative assessment. The results showed that PCNA staining was distributed in the basal and supra basal cells for radicular cysts, dentigerous cysts, and OKCs. PCNA labelling index was highest in OKC (22.33?4.07). The high PCNA labelling index in OKC is indicative of high proliferative activity thus supporting previous reports of OKC as the most aggressive type of odontogenic cysts.
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