Anticariogenic properties of Solanum ferox L. ethanol extract

  • Siti Zaleha Raduan Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UNIMAS
  • Khairah Nasrin Abdul Khalid Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UNIMAS,
  • Mark Fitchell Ak Jihek Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UNIMAS,
  • Sivagami Ganasan Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UNIMAS
  • Umi Syazana Salim Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UNIMAS
  • Muhammad Wahizul Haswan Abdul Aziz Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UNIMAS

Abstract

Solanum ferox L. is a plant species which belongs to the Solanaceae family and the genus Solanum. The Solanum genus was found to exhibit anticariogenic activity and was traditionally used to treat oral diseases. However there are no scientific studies done specifically for Solanum ferox L. Hence the aim of the study is to determine the anticariogenic properties of flesh and leaf of ethanolic extract of Solanum ferox L. Alkaloids, flavonoids and tannins were detected in the leaf ethanolic extract via preliminary phytochemical screening.  The presence of these phytochemicals may contribute to the anticariogenic activity. Treatment with different concentrations of flesh and leaf of ethanolic extract were used against Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus via the method of agar well diffusion to indicate zones of inhibition. The antibiofilm activity of the flesh and leaf ethanolic extracts was tested. The flesh and leaf ethanolic extracts possess significant (p<0.05) dose-dependent on antimicrobial activity and positive antibiofilm activity against respective pathogens. Flesh ethanolic extract has stronger anticariogenic activity compared to leaf ethanolic extract against Staphylococcus aureus. Streptococcus pyogenes exhibited higher susceptibility as compared to Staphylococcus aureus.  In conclusion, it has been shown that the ethanolic extract of Solanum ferox L. exhibit anticariogenic properties against Streptococus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2019-07-16
How to Cite
RADUAN, Siti Zaleha et al. Anticariogenic properties of Solanum ferox L. ethanol extract. Annals of Dentistry University of Malaya, [S.l.], v. 26, p. 22-29, july 2019. ISSN 2462-2060. Available at: <https://adum.um.edu.my/article/view/17090>. Date accessed: 23 sep. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.22452/adum.vol26no4.
Section
Original/Research Article