AETIOLOGY AND SEVERITY OF GINGIVAL RECESSION AMONG YOUNG INDIVIDUALS IN BELGAUM DISTRICT IN INDIA
Gingival recession is used to characterize the apical shift of marginal gingiva from its normal position on the crown of the tooth to the levels on the root surface beyond the cemento-enamel junction. In this study, the sample consisted of 1200 subjects in the district of Belgaum, India. They all belonged to the age group between 15 to 24 years. The subjects were examined for etiology and severity of different grades of gingival recession, utilizing the classification of P.D. Miller Jr. Clinical examination involved assessment of gingival recession, plaque, gingivitis, frenal attachment and frenal pull, trauma from occlusion, presence of calculus, adequacy of attached gingiva and oral hygiene habits. Data collected during the epidemiological survey were analyzed. It was interesting to find out from the above data that when considered in totality, the severity of gingival recession is a result of multifactorial etiology.
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